Editor’s Note: Santosh Varughese is the President of Cognetyx, a provider of ‘Ambient Cognitive Cyber Surveillance’ to protect information assets against cyber security threats, data breaches and privacy violations.
Since cybersecurity healthcare threats on hospital EHR systems have become a topic of nightly newscasts, no longer is anyone shocked by their scope and veracity. What is shocking is the financial damage the attacks are predicted to cause as they reverberate throughout the economy.
In the 30 days of June 2016, more than 11 million patient EHRs were breached, making it the year’s worst incident according to a study by DataBreaches.net and Prontenus. For comparison, May had less than 700,000 and 2016’s former breach leader (March) topped out at just over 2.5 million.
While traditional security filters like firewalls and reputation lists are good practice, they are no longer enough. Hackers increasingly bypasses perimeter security, enabling cyber thieves to pose as authorized users with access to hospital networks for unlimited periods of time. The problem is not only high-tech, but also low-tech, requiring that providers across the healthcare continuum simply become smarter about data protection and privacy issues.
Healthcare security consultants need to pick up where those traditional security tools end and jump on the healthcare AI cybersecurity bandwagon. IDC forecasts global spending on cognitive systems will reach nearly $31.3 billion in 2019. They need to recommend to IT administrators that it’s the data that is ultimately at risk and must be protected.
Security shields placed where the data resides in the EHR systems as opposed to monitoring data traveling across the network. Cloud deployment directly targeting EHR systems data is needed rather than simply protecting the network or the perimeter.
Pre-cursors to AI are no longer that reliable. Organizational threats manifest themselves through changing and complex signals that are difficult to detect with traditional signature-based and rule-based monitoring solutions. These threats include external attacks that evade perimeter defenses and internal attacks by malicious insiders or negligent employees.
Along with insufficient threat detection, traditional tools can contribute to “alert fatigue” by excessively warning about activities that may not be indicative of a real security incident. This requires skilled security analysts to identify and investigate these alerts when there is already a shortage of these skilled professionals. Hospital CISOs and CIOs already operate under tight budgets without needing to hire additional cybersecurity guards.
Some cybersecurity sleuths deploy a variety of traps, including identifying an offensive file with a threat intelligence platform using signature-based detection and blacklists that scans a computer for known offenders. This identifies whether those types of files exist in the system which are driven by human decisions.
However, millions of patient and other medical data files need to be uploaded to cloud-based threat-intelligent platforms, scanning a computer for all of them would slow the machine down to a crawl or make it inoperable. But the threats develop so fast that those techniques don’t keep up with the bad guys and also; why wait until you are hacked?
The Mix of Forensics and Machine Learning
Instead of signature and reputation-based detection methods, smart healthcare CSOs and CISOs are moving from post-incident to pre-incident threat intelligence. AI innovations that use machine learning algorithms to drive superior forensics results and deploy pre-incident security are just what the IT doctor should be prescribing.
In the past, humans had to look at large sets of data to try to distinguish the good characteristics from the bad ones. With machine learning, the computer is trained to find those differences, but much faster with multidimensional signatures that detect problems and examine patterns to identify anomalies that trigger a mitigation response.
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
Machine learning generally works in two ways: supervised and unsupervised. With supervised learning, humans tell the machines which behaviors are good and bad (ugly), and the machines figure out the commonalities to develop multidimensional signatures. With unsupervised learning, the machines develop the algorithms without having the data labeled, so they analyze the clusters to figure out what’s normal and what’s an anomaly.
The obvious approach is to implement an unsupervised, machine learning protective shield that delivers a defense layer to fortify IT security across EHR platforms and other hospital IT systems. A self-learning system with the flexibility of being able to cast a rapidly scalable safety net across an organization’s information ecosystem, distributed or centralized, local or global, cloud or on-premise. Whether data resides in a large health system or small chain of clinics, rogue users are identified instantly.
By applying machine learning techniques across a diverse set of data sources, systems become increasingly intelligent by absorbing more and more relevant data. These systems can then help optimize the efficiency of hospital security personnel, enabling organizations to more effectively identify threats. With multiple machine learning modules to scrutinize security data, organizations can identify and connect otherwise unnoticeable, subtle security signals.
Healthcare security analysts of all experience levels can also be empowered with machine learning through pre-analyzed context for investigations, making it easier for them to discover threats. This enables hospital CISOs to proactively combat sophisticated EHR attacks by accelerating detection efforts, reducing the time for investigation and response.
The Virtual Eye Sees All
“EHR interoperability continues to be a big problem for hospitals and the entire healthcare industry,” says Dr. Donald Voltz. “However, the theft of patient data is worse. EHR systems and EHR-compatible health care systems produce and manage a lot of data. This makes the industry a sitting duck for cybercriminals. With a cloud-based security net of machine-learning, ambient technology and behavioral analysis that can cover all of the EHR platforms, interoperable or not, a great high tech security blanket is achieved.”
With these types of “virtual eye” platforms, the technology is advanced, but the concept is simple. HIT consultants simply need to identify cybersecurity platforms which incorporate technologies such as ambience, cognitive recognition and machine learning. Once a machine learning system is in place, consultants need to ensure the platform also employs behavioral analytics to baseline normal behaviors and identify irregularities.
These types of virtual intelligent eye platforms, combining artificial intelligence with advanced machine learning algorithms, can provide real-time behavior analysis and anomalous user access monitoring.
The baselines of normal user behavior will identity any activities that breach those parameters. The eye works by creating a digital “fingerprint” that identifies the login behavior of every election official who logs into any application. This behavioral information records every detail of an official’s interaction with voter data and the systems it resides in. If the user’s behavior violates a baseline parameter, the system can easily identify irregularities in user activity and send out the appropriate alerts to IT officials immediately.
Ambient cognitive cyber surveillance technology is an “all seeing eye” that can digitally finger print user access behavior; identify rogue users virtually instantly using an innovative process. This type of “all seeing eye” surveillance and defense shield is cognitive, adaptive, evolving and concurrently monitors all user activity across a hospital’s information ecosystem.
This type of cybersecurity shield learns, understands, recognizes and remembers normal user habits, patterns and behavior as they use applications in their day-to-day work. Through a baseline, such a platform is able to predict and detect anomalous user activity in real-time, thereby mitigating risk rapidly.
This creates a virtual, formidable defense layer powered by cognitive surveillance that is simple to deploy, easy to use, operates automatically in the background, and vastly improves an organization’s defense against cyber security threats, data breaches and privacy violations. Hospital and other healthcare facilities can easily deploy this type of advanced, self-learning protective shield. Healthcare organizations can rapidly scale across EHR systems, distributed or centralized, cloud or on-premise.
If your healthcare facility deploys this type of comprehensive cybersecurity system, the gloomy doomsday scenario offered up by many cybersecurity ventures will no longer be a concern.
Opinions expressed by HIT Consultant Contributors are their own.